All the religions have preached love and non-violence. << Merely changing beliefs is not enough. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. /L 14862 The process was very slow. Common faith, values and norms etc. Disclaimer 9. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. /Type /Page But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. 0000004938 00000 n A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. << It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Religion refers to a belief in a divine entity or deity. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. /Length 2399 It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and needy persons. Religion is a nation-building mechanism in history, even an empire-building mechanism, for example, the Holy Roman Empire, or most of Europe before Protestantism. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. trailer A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. 500+ Words Essay on What Is Religion? As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. Sacred things are symbols. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. << It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. 0000000608 00000 n The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. Religion preserves traditions. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. /P 0 Today we live in an age dominated by science. Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. 0 >> Image Courtesy :