��eP"!� �`�!u�T�H��'a�`r�~W��K�1�hoh�����V�9��1��=�kH�������I���~tM�i�H.E2GQ�\���{p����ƈPiv������M%$#���x�_�T���Hr���w��V:���4�I��AD\�P��m]��Eؖ���Y��7PF����҂��s�pH�O�;hI8`�M�5����Sqh*�U@����ۿ_�����o�zct��Q,�ޢ�$S]?q�D9_>j�Lg_����� 0000012095 00000 n ` Seed quality itself has a profound effect on the development and yield of a crop. 5 0 obj 0000011482 00000 n 0000007309 00000 n �����bW/ǚީ-��hzõ����d_�> �x�cR��a?�oa����?A"@.P�[rWx\�OV�"&���*����|��=��+\Į,kQ:�Ȫ���ӡ" ��L�%K�vE��t{e��u�P)��k��R+}�zI`������M�b+��^�r�g^��=����5�ä�NO��t�i�O9�ǧ�,}�R4Guzb�M07�v�;�^�F���^�ߴ��I�B�uWu��. trailer 0000034260 00000 n 2 Harvesting and threshing Storage cannot enhance the quality of seed, that is, alter it in positive ways. These tests are not usually recommended for general use to test for seed … %PDF-1.3 xref 0000000016 00000 n 0 0000007964 00000 n 0000007034 00000 n The total Indian seed market valued around $500 million 5 years back (Gadwal, 2003), but it values $ 1 billion presently with large portion of seed trade involving local … Poor quality seed results in “skips,” excessive thinning, or yield reductions due to … endobj % @R���d�ۗL4ўj�z�Y%����9�y�c���ߌ>��y�y��D-L�ȫ{Y\f�0�2�9�g�C�:�{�D>�`%�F`��w�rl���dp�W�鶉)��{�f�.��Az�}%�$�5�叝%8&c)x�r������ �2)����DQ�^�Ë����M1by��μ�C��(zFb�Ǚb���Ztת��\> ARC�`�M�܆ b#zG����"A�f@��% ��Y(�s@9֒��D��D7��H�����J)M���gL�� 0����^;�U�)+��t�u�S�-чy�#�c�$p�.�`.�Fk�?��B��d&6}�D4�2wyI4��!ߤ_?J"���hB2��Ш�����+���oS�C�2���gZ�ٿaf6���� �J9"���� ��8���|1 �W rc� l�Nh�ÐH!5)�mF� Y>���P� L��4 endobj 0000014599 00000 n Quality seed insures good germination, rapid emergence, and vigorous growth. Monitoring viability during storage facilitates timely identification of accessions that require regeneration to ensure continued availability of conserved germplasm. 0000008160 00000 n {���4?I�{?�B�N�͊U%� w�U��qYKW��n����b�V 164 0 obj <> endobj 0000001036 00000 n 0000015210 00000 n f�g=x�kQ�����8bڪX+T���r��/�Et�~V� =`F8;�|�����3q��>E�t�Y������~rhk�ndnk1(6f������q48|4��2��e����΋��\VJp?�\T�/���+x�����~[�O�헾[|�r��cx�尶��9)��;��`��O����������`I��L-�N8��F� x������{dJ9�+7�]�¿g���endstream … %PDF-1.6 %���� 0000006131 00000 n 0000002648 00000 n 0000013745 00000 n 0000008933 00000 n quality seed alone is estimated to be 15- 20% to total crop production (MSPAnnual Report 2006-07). Seed Quality 4 High quality seeds are the result of good production practices, which include: • proper maintenance of … 0000005854 00000 n 0000008047 00000 n stream x�b```b``�c`c``Kgb@ !�G���������Ġ �4AĔX�Pca��8�a���6u�% uV��UΕ-���Q����p�1�0�\R�ft>�" ����qYC�� 0000012983 00000 n 0000004872 00000 n 0000029125 00000 n 0000013182 00000 n India with a population of more than 1 billion and an arable area of 168 million hectares has one of the largest potential seed market in the world. 0000022989 00000 n x��XKo7Fe7�6�d׉���n߫�X�עE���zHzJ�E����:$w�Y/W��M�hB�pf>~3;��5%�����Wշ�M���/*Xy�c��T��%�� �X~uQ�c[K[o_W�8gUa�Վֆ*�f{Q�h>Zo1Fq�L֔Pg��'�7�X.�l����I����!�Ҩ�_�*g�)2��f� _� 2���W�T[g�����a[=��-��2HW8㤋9ake$���檾��z};P@�*�eP�V���$�l ��9m���V���l�}� 0000005768 00000 n 0000009971 00000 n startxref 0000017859 00000 n Manual of Seed Handling They also require special skills to conduct and interpret. 6 0 obj These aspects translate to a good stand (whether greenhouse or field). %%EOF 0000006892 00000 n 0000002071 00000 n <<6ABCF0B15E7BDF4BB0652353600E55A7>]>> %�쏢 0000004836 00000 n <> 17 0 obj 0000009462 00000 n 200 0 obj<>stream P�~7�}&. 164 37 <> Seed quality Storage of seeds with high initial quality will maximize accession longevity. Seed quality depends upon the physical conditions that the mother plant is exposed to during growth stages, as well as harvesting, processing, storage and planting. 0000012372 00000 n �5T! INTERNATIONAL SEED TESTING ASSOCIATION (ISTA) www.seedtest.org Concluding comments Seed quality: Multiple components –Most important components •Cultivar purity •Analytical purity •Germination –Other significant components •Vigour •Seed borne pathogens •Moisture content Measurement of seed quality 0000013071 00000 n 0000005152 00000 n 1378 *N$�e�Z!�ТB̅�ֺ̅0��Q����ٿc=u��ش��^�Sn�p���rGAŻ*'u:�Ϥ��t�E�%��)y\�73.W�Y�y8C��\����1��v�˦��,�Q 0000002199 00000 n 0000003990 00000 n stream Storage conditions do not affect the variety quality, or the genetic make-up of the seed. It can, however, influence the aging process and the prevalence of diseases and pests. ����b۹�b�m"�Ӵ����j�Dkf,.�r�͝�&��"_�! �5�ۏ�D:=����V��I��xgC��Z�������� ��ː)�V��G1��v%?RC8�e:��tē��,�)b�Q��0��I��p2]����� 0000010718 00000 n 0000001989 00000 n x��]ݏܶ��|^v��6��jũm�����x-P�[����Sڤ(bv��CJ"G�ܕt�{���:r8����f4�}*(a���_+��a��gS���E�\���F��������,�����)td�p�����%�Yjj���Zk#)Ѳ8��x_ު��SSޮ(�Z(�@\2F8�����������R˄���@Ke�{M/UW~*uy7J��%�))�g3�Ih�t� ����_N�����⧅��L�Bh.Y|���KM�����[�0����1V�0���Z����0����A^| Q� �Q���u�Z�����KY���o!���`�O~ WC�[��R���&M���Px�^WKE��֖g���8?a ��Q��}K�,��V@���'. Storage conditions can significantly affect seed quality. :V�����F���Տ�R�pQ�cH�YUi��;�ʉ6F��i$��c�����U����^G����8h��ܲa�u�{�n*�ŋ��v�:Ԗ��̰0\�`�صm�D��ߪ��U��(�x_~�޴7�&Ɯ�9-��F��$\��]�>����կ��$�X�xS���:��3�*/�I-gq�"���W;���(�� ���~�+^f�NKG��;X:7z�����V3[� 0000003284 00000 n Quality seed is defined as varietally pure with a high germination percentage, free from disease and disease organisms, and with a proper moisture content and weight. Temperature, nutrients and other environmental factors also affect seed development and influence seed quality.