The meaning of the original sentence/sentences and your sentence must be exactly the same. Helen offered . The LearnEnglish Team The Superbowl is the game to watch. 2. “ I will bring the sandwiches to the party” said Helen. Infinitive Verbs as Modifiers. Exercise 1: Rewrite the following sentences that keep the same meaning. “To eat” is the direct object of “need” because it receives the action. (Notice the infinitive of purpose in that last sentence!) Combine the following pairs of sentences using infinitives. 4. We also see the infinitive “to read.” What is the purpose of “to read” in this sentence? It is pleasant to listen to the rain on the roof. The best method to use is the hands-on method. This makes “to sleep” the direct object of the sentence. The sentence’s subject performs the verb, while the sentence’s direct object receives the verb. The infinitive “to sleep.”. The students were excited to go on a field trip. He could not buy a piece of bread. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why. When this does happen, you get a split infinitive. When an infinitive is used as the subject or direct object in a sentence, it functions as a noun. “ You’d better leave that old flat,” my mother told us. When in doubt, simply avoid splitting the infinitive. They provide additional information about what, where, how, and to what extent or degree. Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. Some English teachers will tell you that you should never split an infinitive, while others might tell you that it’s okay, especially in informal writing. In this case, the infinitive “to help” is the sentence’s subject. In the example above, you could avoid splitting the infinitive by instead writing: Ryan hopes to eat his dinner quickly so he won’t miss his favorite show. In other words, a form like 'in order to be on time' is more common than 'in order not to be late'. 3. The infinitive “to buy” gives us more information about the verb “going”; it tells us, This sentence uses the verb “heard” followed by the direct object, “alarm clock.”, When infinitives follow the verb “heard,” they lose the “to.” We wouldn’t say, “I heard the alarm clock to ring,” or, “I heard to ring.”, So, “alarm clock” is followed by the infinitive “ring” without the “to.”, For this reason, this sentence correctly uses the, This sentence uses the verb “helps” followed by the direct object “me.”, When infinitives follow “helps,” they drop the “to.” In English, it doesn’t sound correct to write, “My mom helps me to do my homework,” or, “My mom helps to do.”, So, “me” is followed by the infinitive “do” without the “to.”, This is another correct example of using an. Muriel insisted . Infinitives function as adverbs when they are used to give more information about adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs in the sentence. Examples of Infinitives as Adverbs: Moana is eager to see her family. They suggested . In this case, the word “quickly” splits the infinitive “to eat.”. … What is the purpose of “to recover” in this sentence? You must give me the keys of the safe. This is not a rule, but simply a question of frequency of use. The infinitive “to go” gives us more information about the adjective “excited”; it tells us, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to buy.”. It describes the book; Joel isn’t looking for just any book, he’s looking for a book, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to go.”. Rewrite the following sentences with Infinitive or Gerund 1. You can use either 'to not be' or 'not to be'. We are going to sleep now. What is the purpose of the infinitive “to throw” in this sentence? “ It was you There is no difference in meaning. I needed a sound sleep to calm my mind. You may use these HTML tags and attributes:
, Who or what receives the action of being loved? We went to Ajmer last week. The team has a captain. Your email address will not be published. If you do that you will be able to save your life. Who or what do I need? Adverbs modify or describe adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. 2. 2. What’s the purpose of “to buy” in this example? Almost always, infinitives begin with “to.” But infinitives lose the “to” when they follow these verbs: These verbs are followed by a direct object, then by an infinitive without the “to.”. 1. Although infinitives are formed using verbs, they don’t function as verbs in a sentence. Remember that a noun is a person, place, or thing. When an infinitive is used as the subject or direct object in a sentence, it functions as a noun. Instead, infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Example 1: I … “ Please let me go to Martin’s house!” Said Muriel three times. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Xem thêm: reported speech with infinitive and gerund, reported speech with infinitive and gerund, reported speech with infinitive and gerund, Copyright © 2020 123Doc. This sentence uses the verb “made,” followed by the direct object “brother.”, When the verb “made” is followed by an infinitive, the infinitive loses the “to.”, It would be incorrect to write, “Mom made my brother to clean,” or, “Mom made to clean.”, For this reason, the direct object is followed by the infinitive “clean” without the “to.”, In this sentence, the verb is “wants” and the subject is the noun “book.”.