Commands are useful for Spanish learners at all levels and can be used in a variety of social situations, not just when dealing with unruly students! Vosotros commands might just be the easiest of all. Venga Ud. Instead, they substitute the synonym andar (conjugated: andá). As a reminder, you must put the verbs in the yo form, remove the –o, and add the endings –áis or –éis. can take anywhere. Although Spanish has an imperative mood to give commands or make requests, other verb forms can be used for the same purpose. ), -an (for Uds.). This distinction applies to commands. Too many boring rules and too many different conjugations—or so I thought—for a tense I rarely used in conversation. Instead, swap out the indirect pronoun for se. This phrase plus an infinitive verb is a colloquial way to tell someone to get started on something. This one might not be in any grammar books, but I hear Spanish speakers doing it all the time. Click here to get a copy. This exclamation translates directly to “Don’t tell me!” but its meaning is something closer to “You don’t say!” or “I can’t believe it!” Use this expression accompanied with wide eyes and a hand on the forehead to express shock or disbelief. el anillo. But in some social situations, using a command may feel a little too direct or aggressive. To me it seems as if Paco's grandmother is commanding him to wait on her. Traiga Ud. Escriba Ud. This also applies to stem-changing verbs. la carta. -a (for Ud. Infinitives can be used, especially in writing, to provide directions to people in general rather than to a specific person. Literally “Tell me,” it actually has a variety of uses. There are two types of commands: affirmative (telling somebody what to do) and negative (telling somebody what not to do). (Download). In Spain, we use ustedes only in formal situations. Since the tú form and the vos form are conjugated the same in the subjunctive, the negative commands for vos are exactly the same as they are for tú. For example, you might suggest to a group of friends, “No vayamos al cine” (Let’s not go to the movie theater). Nosotros commands are used to suggest a group activity, similar to the English “Let’s…”, To make a nosotros command, use the nosotros subjunctive form. Affirmative Spanish Commands Tú Commands. After learning usted commands, ustedes commands are a breeze! Reflexive verbs are used for actions that someone does to him or herself. In English, we can use pronouns to take the place of indirect and direct objects, shortening the sentence to “Give it to her.”. of the subjunctive . In Spain, I use vosotros, but I might use ustedes to talk to a group of superiors in a staff meeting. There are many different types of Spanish commands, including tú commands, nosotros commands, indirect commands, and formal commands, which we'll cover in this article.. Overview. Compre Ud. There are two styles of speech in Spanish, formal and informal. When forming a command, the verb has different conjugations depending on 3 factors: informal or formal Speak more slowly. When speaking to more than one person, use the ustedes form (pásenlo bien) or the vosotros form (pasadlo bien) depending on where in the world you are. Most commands come from either the present simple indicative or present simple subjunctive forms. Also note that the subject pronouns Ud. To summarize what we’ve covered so far, here are a few verbs conjugated in the command form: When I went to Argentina for my college semester abroad, I was shocked to learn about the existence of a new verb form nobody had ever told me about: el voseo. In the infinitive form, reflexive verbs end in the pronoun “se.” When conjugated, they are accompanied by a reflexive pronoun depending on the subject. In this article, you will learn how to use and form formal commands in Spanish. la tarea. and Uds. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. It is a stem-changing verb, meaning that in the present simple tense it’s conjugated like this: Yo puedo                        Nosotros podemos Tú puedes                      Vosotros podéis Él/ella/usted puede      Ustedes pueden, In a question, puedes means “Can you.” So instead of saying “saca la basura” (take out the trash), you can ask, “¿Puedes sacar la basura?” (Can you take out the trash?). I would use an affirmative tú command, for example, to tell one of my students to open a book (abre tu libro) or to pay attention (presta atención).. Tú commands use the él/ella/usted form of the present simple indicative. (formal) Compra (tú) los dulces. sus beneficios. Active today. Here are some examples: Ir (to go) is the only irregular verb in the vos form. See, for example, the verb compraría (would buy) in the phrase “Si tuviera un millón de dólares, te compraría una casa” (If I had a million dollars, I’d buy you a house.). el anillo. Spanish formal commands are easy to create, and easy to use once you get the hang of it. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. For this, we use negative commands. For example, “No coman eso” (Don’t eat that). And if you need a refresher, worry not—we will provide a brief overview of the conjugation rules. For example, to tell someone to wash their hands (lavarse las manos), you would say “¡Lávate las manos!”. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc, or its affiliates. Remember, if the first person singular (yo) form is irregular, that irregularity is carried over into the formation of the formal command. A direct object directly receives the action of the verb, and an indirect object indirectly receives the action of the verb. Poder (to be able to) is one of the most useful verbs for a Spanish speaker to have in their arsenal.