The orbit insertions at Jupiter and Ganymede and the large number of flyby manoeuvres (more than 25 gravity assists, and two Europa flybys) requires the spacecraft to carry about 3,000 kilograms (6,600 lb) of chemical propellant. The Jupiter Icy moons Explorer orbiter will perform detailed investigations on Ganymede and evaluate its potential to support life. Its main goals also include investigating how the solar system works, the fundamental laws of the universe, as well as how the universe began in the first place and what it is made of, according to an ESA description. Additionally, a transit of Europa and Io will occur on 27 January 2032. New York, Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! The JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) is an interplanetary spacecraft in development by the European Space Agency (ESA) with Airbus Defence and Space as the main contractor. Topographical, geological and compositional mapping of the surface. The three missions went to a competition for an ESA large-class mission selection, and JUICE was selected as the first one to be implemented in May 2012. The decision to pick the JUICE probe from among the three finalists for the first Large Class (or L-class) mission was a tough one, ESA officials added. The mission is expected to cost about $1.1 billion (870 million euros). More distant spatially resolved observations will also be carried out for several minor irregular satellites and the volcanically active moon Io. At Europa, JUICE is expected to record the first-ever measurements of the moon's icy crust, and seek out potential landing sites for future missions, ESA officials said. Study of the physical properties of the icy crusts. The spacecraft is set for launch in June 2022 and will reach Jupiter in October 2029 after five gravity assists and 88 months of travel. "Jupiter is the archetype for the giant planets of the Solar System and for many giant planets being found around other stars," said Alvaro Giménez Cañete, ESA's director of Science and Robotic Exploration, in statement. The selection of this mission for the L1 launch slot of ESA's Cosmic Vision science programme was announced on 2 May 2012. Its proposed launch date was 2022. "JUICE will give us better insight into how gas giants and their orbiting worlds form, and their potential for hosting life." European spacecraft, sent to Europa, Callisto, and finally to orbit Ganymede; large-class mission in the ESA Cosmic Vision Science Programme, For the similarly-named cancelled NASA concept, see, Artist's impression of the JUICE spacecraft, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, "Europe's Jupiter explorer mission moves to prototype production", "Juice mission: Deal signed to build Jupiter probe", "Scientists optimistic planetary probes won't face coronavirus launch delays", "Esa selects 1bn-euro Juice probe to Jupiter", JUICE (JUpiter ICy moons Explorer): a European-led mission to the Jupiter system, "JUICE: Europe's next mission to Jupiter? NY 10036. The JUICE mission aims to study that magnetic field, as well as map the moon's icy surface and probe its interior structure, which may conceal a subsurface ocean, ESA officials said. Once at its destination, the probe will study Jupiter's atmosphere and magnetosphere, and investigate how the so-called Galilean moons (Callista, Europa, Ganymede and Io) interact with the gas giant, ESA officials said. [9][10] In July 2015, Airbus Defence and Space was selected as the prime contractor to design and build the probe, to be assembled in Toulouse, France.[11].