It will grow on elevations up to 3,300 feet and will often be in groves in a mature forest. If your tree has leaves like this, it is probably a horsechestnut tree. Worm holes in many boards. Examine the leaves of the tree, looking for the characteristic elongated, toothed leaves of the American chestnut. 6 mm, big, sharp, and often curved (hooked), many large dots (glands), sun leaves hairy, many small dots, sun leaves hairy on some specimens but not others, many small dots, sun leaves not hairy, long sparse hairs only on midrib, hairy tips, tan to pea green, large elliptical yellow lenticels, slender, smooth, hairless, reddish brown, small white lenticels, 3 mm, downy dark red, pointed, longer than wide, sticks out from stem, glossy brown, as long as it is wide (rounded), hairy, tan, dull brown to black, rounded and flat against stem, long 6 mm, smooth, reddish brown, pointed or longer than it is wide, sticks out from stem. The American chestnut prefers well-drained sandy or acidic soil. Pull a twig off the tree, if possible and examine it for a reddish hue common in American chestnut trees. How to identify American chestnut trees Chestnut trees are most easily located while they are in full bloom, from early June, in the southern part of the range, to the weeks around the Fourth of July in the North. It will have long oval leaves that are yellowish green, and yellow in the fall. I was asked to repair an antique kitchen table recently. Identifying Chestnut trees in the woods (Spring) ACCF Guide to Identifying American Chestnut. American chestnut-brown in color and hairless. American Chestnut. Several million of these trees still exist, but in isolated clumps. I am currently living in a house built in 1916 I asked a local millwork shop to duplicate some of the trim he stated that it was yellow pine and unavailable would have to be ash as asubstitute have since seen examples pictures of american chestnut and seems more likely any suggestions thank you Spot American chestnuts on south and east facing hillside slopes in the Appalachian mountains of the eastern United States. May be found in antique furniture, old barns, and other products manufactured before the blight affected trees in the early 20th century. After the ice had permanently receded (about 13,000 years ago), measurable chestnut pollen was first deposited in the Blue Ridge area of North Carolina. American chestnut-brown in color and hairless. They also have long pointed buds. Other chestnut identification sites to improve your eyes…, TACF National Office 50 North Merrimon Avenue, Suite 115, Asheville, NC 28804, Phone: 828-281-0047 Fax: 828-253-5373 chestnut@acf.org, The American Chestnut Foundation identification pages. I could not really tell what wood the table was made from. The tree is often found planted in towns. Can anyone tell me how to identify American chestnut from the wood? Leaves: how to identify american chestnut wood samples? Proper identification of the American chestnut tree prevents confusing these with other look-alike plants, like horsechestnuts or Chinese chestnuts, which do not produce the same tasty fruit as the sweet American chestnuts. This is an example of an American chestnut tree reaching its branches out in the sun over Flint Pond in Lincoln. Uses: No longer a commercial tree species due to chestnut blight. It originated in Europe, and it is often what people think of when they hear about “chestnut” trees. The chestnut genus “Castanea” is not the same as the horsechestnut family “Aesculus” or the beech genus “Fagus“. Chinese is gray-brown in color and is covered with fine fuzz, especially near the tip. Check the bark of the tree for a distinctively dark, bumpiness seen in American chestnut trees. Scientific Name: Castanea dentata. American chestnut trees once proliferated across Appalachia. I'm including a couple of pictures of some wood I removed from the table. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! All Rights Reserved. The long thread-like structures are male catkins, which are not yet showing anthers. A horse chestnut tree has a rounder shaped … American beech is most often found on moist slopes, in ravines, and atop moist hammocks. American chestnut trees once proliferated across Appalachia. Other Common/Trade Names: None Scientific Name: Castanea dentata Best Characteristics for Identification:Ring porous with uniserrate rays. If your tree has long toothed pendant leaves like this, it may be a member in the chestnut family. American chestnut trees then spread their range all along the Appalachian Tree Size: 100-120 ft (30-37 m) tall, 5-7 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter* *Because of the chestnut blight of the early 1900s, very few trees of this size currently exist. Over 80% of the leaves that are sent to us each year for identification are either from Chinese chestnuts or Chinese/American hybrids, because these trees are resistant to the chestnut blight. The leaf is dull or “matte” rather than shiny or waxy in texture. Always ask permission before entering private land or taking samples from an American chestnut on someone else's properly. The leaf is dull or “matte” rather than shiny or waxy in texture. Cultivars of Chestnut (by CAES) Herbarium Collection Scans. The great mass of conspicuous white catkins on larger trees is visible at great distances. Proper identification of the American chestnut tree prevents confusing these with other look-alike plants, like horsechestnuts or Chinese chestnuts, which do not produce the same tasty fruit as the sweet American chestnuts.