Printed from Oxford Research Encyclopedias, Religion. Of course, many adjustments for the benefit of priests and nobility had to be made just so that these nobles and priests bought into the idea of a new religion and would not resist it. This definition is an important feature in the maturation process of any teenager as it influences how they perceive themselves. The external aspect is what a person considers morally good action, while the internal aspect is what kinds of ideologies and viewpoints a person considers morally acceptable. Interestingly, it seems that rather than introducing new ideas or dismissing old ones, popular culture’s main impact on ideas about Pop culture influences the modern society both in positive and negative ways. Nobody can explain how these rituals and practices can lead to transcendence, and over time, people lose interest in religion because there is no one who can explain the true meaning and purpose of religious acts. A monotheistic system is easier to govern because you have only one God to contend with. Over time, Buddhism itself became ritualistic, and by the time Shankarāchārya arrived, the dominant difference between Hinduism and Buddhism was the caste system. It is a theory of space and time. It was socially convenient because large masses of people did not want to torture their bodies and minds for “purification”, nor did they like the idea of remaining socially subordinate to the Brahmana for their transcendence. In short, the world is flat. As the demand for autonomy continued, the role of monarchy in religion itself was rejected, leading to the separation of religion and state, and the rise of democracy and capitalism, which were given a moral foundation in the Protestant religion. Pop culture can discourage intelligence and learning as is seen in F.R.I.E.N.D.S (Image Source:Pinterest). For this reason, religion can fit a society only if it satisfies the immediate needs of the people. Its adoption is based on happiness in this life. And yet, flattening is the standard methodology across all endeavors in society today. The religion that emerged was not purely what Christ had originally expounded, but one that Romans could accept, given their social and cultural needs. Classical Hinduism is a four-tier society comprised of Brahmana (intellectuals), Kshatriya (rulers and warriors), Vaisya (businessmen), and Sudra (workers). I realize that each religion has many schools of thought and various sects. First, social conduct in the world is disconnected from questions of transcendence; this leads to the idea that I only have to accept Christianity as my faith, but I don’t have to worry about my social conduct because religion is a private matter and what I do in the social sphere (e.g. It wasn’t going to satisfy the broad need among the population to feel that they had some kind of direct connection with transcendence. Mahattattva has two aspects—internal and external. But the enjoyment is not separate from transcendence. That is, the son of a Brahmana is not necessarily a Brahmana, although a society will have intellectuals who have different responsibilities and rights. Before we try to address the interaction between culture and religion, let’s put their tensions in perspective by considering a few examples of different religions and cultures. Some have speculated that with the increasing presence of religion in commercially produced products and specifically in the entertainment media, religion may be reduced to entertainment. “Popular culture” is a term that usually refers to those commercially produced items specifically associated with leisure, media, and lifestyle choices. The universe is like an iceberg in which you can see the tip but most of it is submerged. Contrast this to the Vedic thought in which the world is structured as a tree with many levels. The fundamental necessity for Vedic religion is the class system called varṇāśrama. Owing to this problem, it is very hard for true Vedic religion to forge any alliances. What he failed to predict was that the West would export its culture to the rest of the world and thus grip the entire world in its death throes. In this foundation, religion and God are personal matters and they are to be separated from the public matters. We generally think of religion as something that pertains to transcendence beyond the current material existence. Science is important to Vedic religion because the idea of hierarchy is incredibly important both to the Vedic social organization as well to understand the conceptual foundations of Vedic religion. As Christopher Dawson wrote in his book Religion and Culture, "In all ages the first creative works of a culture are due to a religious inspiration and dedicated to a religions end" (Dawson 50).Almost every piece of art created by the Greeks or Romans were dedicated to their gods or depicted the gods doing certain things. They wanted equality and self-determination, and the ability to interpret the Bible according to their realization, which led to the Protestant Reformation where some of the special statuses of the kings and Church was removed. Therefore, all ideas of what lies beyond sense perception must be rejected, and knowledge is only that which can be obtained by sense perception. We can mix pleasure and religion and make it one continuous celebration of life and God. Most critics ridicule two things about Vedic religion: (1) many gods and goddesses, and (2) the caste system social hierarchy. But the Advaita philosophy propounded by Shankarāchārya was too abstract, intellectual, and dry. Religion is an essential element of the human condition. It is notable that the Brahmana caste of that time was known for asceticism and ritualism and by rejecting both extreme alternatives in his “Middle Way”, Buddha rejected Hinduism itself. Religion does not change the person or society easily. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. You don’t expect people to renounce all this material goodness and meditate in a forest or a mountain. Buddhism arose as a wholesale rejection of the Brahmana class itself when Buddha propounded the “Middle Way” thereby rejecting both extremes of asceticism and ritualism—one of which invited suffering on the body and mind to purify them, and the other created incessant sacrifices for the pleasure of the body and the mind. Indeed, religion and popular culture are engaged in a dialectic of exchange and interpenetrative feedback, where religion expresses itself in popular culture, popular culture expresses itself through religious memes, religion reacts to popular culture’s representations, and popular culture reacts to religion.