The Eastern Orthodox Church bases its claim primarily on its traditions and beliefs of the original Christian Church. The visible church—the institutional body on earth which preaches the gospel and administers the sacrament—consists of all those who visibly join themselves to a profession of faith and gathering together to know and serve the Head of the Church, Jesus Christ. Protestants believe that the Church, as described in the Bible, has a twofold character that can be described as the visible and invisible church. Such a view of society has been massively useful for understanding the world we live in on a macro scale, and the fundamental propositions of the likes of Durkheim and Parsons constitute a huge area of contemporary sociological thought, specifically for the political and sociological right. It is used loosely to refer to a broad range of religiously involved groups that could be a church, a religious charity, or simply an unincorporated group based on religious values. In some areas, religious sectarians (for example Protestant and Catholic Christians in the United States) now exist peacefully side-by-side for the most part. Denominations often form slowly over time for many reasons. Holy Ascension Orthodox Church in Mount Pleasant. Church is a classificatory term used to describe the institutional expression of religion. This is where religion unifies people which leads to conformity which then makes behaviour predictable. An extended case study is a series of cases which treats each case as a stage in an ongoing process of social relations between specific persons and groups in a social system and culture. However, other perspectives disagree with this and see religion as a Force for Social Change. By contrast, the profane are things that have no special significance. In other cases, denominations form very rapidly, from a split or schism in an existing denomination, or if people share an experience of spiritual revival or spiritual awakening and subsequently choose to form a new denomination. A sect is a group with distinctive religious, political, or philosophical beliefs. Individualism is soon expressed exposing the inner most parts of self, and we are then defined by those achievements. society. State churches are not necessarily national churches in the ethnic sense of the term, but the two concepts may overlap in a nation state where the state boundary largely corresponds to the distribution of a single ethnic group defined by a specific denomination. In every society, social structure is the product of institutional constellations, which reflect the needs of individuals within that society. The first is the ecclesia, a large, bureaucratic religious organization that is a formal part of the state and has most or all of a state’s citizens as its members. There are different ways in which sociologists define religion. A religious organization is generally a nondenominational or interdenominational organization and has a principal purpose of advancing religion. The Christian Church is the assembly or association of followers of Jesus Christ. According to Durkheim, religion is a product of society, a communal phenomenon and commitment to collective norms, traditions and values. These ideas are normally in competition with one another for supremacy. Advantage- conform to a widespread views of religion as belief in God Originally denoting a system of ritual practices, the word was introduced into sociological classification in 1932 by American sociologist Howard P. Becker. Churches of Christ are autonomous Christian churches associated with one another through common beliefs and practices. Although in the past it was mostly used to refer to religious groups, it has since expanded and in modern culture can refer to any organization that breaks away from a larger one to follow a different set of rules and principles. Church: The Ecclesia and Denomination. According to researchers who have studied apostates, there are several cases where hostile ex-members shade the truth and blow minor incidents out of proportion. importance of religion as a social institution cannot be overstated. By contrast, the Catholic Church teaches in its doctrine that it is the original Church founded by Christ on the Apostles in the 1st century AD. Another example is that the bible says, “Rich man at his castle, poor man at his gate, god placed them high and low, their state he bestowed.” These examples are used by the ruling class as a theodicy of disprivilege to justify their position to themselves as well as to the masses’ -It acts as a smokescreen and dampens revolutionary spirit, preventing any chances of a revolution. Durkheim (father founder of the functionalist theory) primary focus was on “moral education” meaning to implement a more permanent social structure by joining together people from diverse backgrounds. The role of former members, or ” apostates,” has been widely studied by social scientists. They often try to bridge particular belief systems, although they can also be groups that study or promote a particular religion. In the New Testament, the term “church,” which in Greek meant “assembly,” is used for local communities, and in a universal sense to mean all believers. In this way, certain ecclesia fail to meet the requirements for a church. The ideological underpinnings of attitudes and behaviors labeled as sectarian are extraordinarily varied. (2010). other social institution and the nature of the various beliefs, rituals, and practices acquire Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men. In the 1930s, cults became the object of sociological study in the context of the study of religious behavior. The early Church originated in Roman Judea in the first century AD, founded on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, who is believed by Christians to be the Son of God and Christ the Messiah. And, with few exceptions, this behavior is A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. relationship to the profane things of the world and, from a sociological perspective, the