Horned larks are widespread songbirds found across the northern hemisphere. They also suffer from collisions with wind turbines. The "horns" of the Horned lark are in fact little tufts of feathers. However, the Streaked Horned Lark subspecies has declined sharply in western Washington. They also sing in flight and their song consists of a few chips followed by a warbling, ascending trill. Horned Larks forage by running or walking, and gleaning food from the ground. Horned larks usually breed in spring and summer. The horned lark eats small seeds from a wide variety of grasses and weeds. They are able to fly at 16-18 days old and reach the adult size at about one month. Horned lark adult upperparts are sandy brown, with a thick black eye line that continues into a streak on the cheek. Immatures are dark with light spots. However their brains are relatively large and their learning abilities are greater than those of most other birds. Often nests quite early in spring. These are birds of open ground. Diet. Females are duller in coloration. The horned lark is the only lark native to North America. Life Cycle. Incubation takes 10-12 days until hatching and then the nestling period will take 8-10 days. In the open areas of western North America, Horned larks are among the bird species most often killed by wind turbines. Dusky and Streaked Horned Larks move south in the winter but arrive back on the breeding grounds in early spring. He then dives towards the ground with his wings folded. Populations of this species appear to be relatively stable across the continent. Horned larks are threatened by the loss of habitat due to agricultural pesticides, urbanization, and human encroachment. Urbanization, conversion of prairies to agriculture, and the introduction of exotic plants have played a role in its decline. Inhabitants generally in open grounds, avoiding areas with trees or even bushes. She also builds the nest, a slight depression lined with plant material such as grass. Passerine birds are divided into two suborders, the suboscines and the oscines. National population sizes have been estimated at around 100-10,000 breeding pairs, around 50-1,000 individuals on migration and 50-1,000 wintering individuals in China and less than 1,000 individuals on migration and less than 1,000 wintering individuals in Japan. Diet. Overhead, the dark tail with narrow white edges is evident. The male horned lark flies above the female in circles and sings. Adults consume some insects as well. Horned Larks primarily eat seeds and insects. She weaves fines grasses, cornstalks, small roots, and other plant material and lines it with down, fur, feathers, and occasionally lint. Horned Larks have reddish-brown upperparts streaked with dark brown, pale underparts, and a yellow face and breast. Feeds on small seeds from a great variety of grasses and weeds, also waste grain. Most larks have striking flight-song displays. Horned larks are mainly resident in the south of their range, but northern populations are migratory, moving further south in winter. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Horned lark population size is more than 140,000,000 individuals. The nest site is selected in the early spring by only the female and is either a natural depression in the bare ground or she digs a cavity using her bill and feet. Horned larks are omnivores and feed on spiders, ants, grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, wasps, and snails. The nest often has a flat 'doorstep' of pebbles. Some of the more northerly subspecies of Horned Lark winter in Washington, arriving in mid-November to early December and leaving in late winter or early spring. The song is a high-pitched tinkling made while in flight. Most are well camouflaged and adapted to grassland or dry soil habitats. They feed insects to their young, though, and also consume some insects (like grasshoppers, caterpillars, ants, and wasps) themselves. In most species, only the female incubates, but both parents tend and feed the young. Except for the central feathers, the tail is mostly black, contrasting with the paler body; this contrast is especially noticeable when the bird is in flight. The Horned Lark is the only lark native to Washington, but the Sky Lark, introduced from Eurasia, formerly bred here. The southern European mountain race is greyer above, and the yellow of the face pattern is replaced with white. Horned larks are serially monogamous and pairs stay together for one season. Horned Larks often join mixed flocks of Lapland Longspurs, Snow Buntings, Dark-eyed Juncos, and American Pipits. DIET. During the breeding season, they become very territorial. The three subspecies that breed in Washington are ecologically distinct. In North America, where there are no other larks to compete with, they can also be found on farmland, on prairies, in deserts, on golf courses and airports. Horned larks are 18 to 20 cm long with a wingspan of 31.12 to 35.56 cm. Many insects are also eaten, especially in summer, when they may make up half of the total diet. The Dusky Horned Lark is abundant and widespread during the breeding season in the sagebrush flats and wheat fields of eastern Washington.Click here to visit this species' account and breeding-season distribution map in Sound to Sage, Seattle Audubon's on-line breeding bird atlas of Island, King, Kitsap, and Kittitas Counties. Horned Lark on The IUCN Red List site -, ascension, chattering, exaltation, happiness, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horned_lark, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22717434/137693170. Horned Larks eat mostly seeds of grasses, weeds, and waste grain but feed insects to their young. Pairs in lowland areas may have 2-3 broods per year, but high altitude/latitude pairs have only a single brood. Name: Horned Lark. Larks sing while flying high into the air, advertising, and defending their territories. Diet and Nutrition. During the nestling period, helpless chicks are fed and defended by both parents. Male residents establish and defend territories as early as January and February. Diet. Male defends nesting territory by singing, either on ground … They also eat seeds, fruits, and berries. The specific name of the Horned lark 'alpestris' comes from Latin and means 'of the high mountains', from Alpes, the Alps. Each population is able to adapt to the color of their environment. Horned Larks are found around the world, with a great number of subspecies. Members of this diverse group make up more than half of the bird species worldwide. Family: Lark. She will spend 2-4 days preparing the site before building her nest. Horned larks are omnivores and feed on spiders, ants, grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, wasps, and snails. Just before he hits the ground, he opens his wings and lands. On the hind toe, there is a long, straight claw. It winters in the surrounding lowlands. Diet: Feeds on small seeds from a great variety of grasses, weeds.