This means that it has been tested and shown to contain the right amount of fluoride to protect your teeth. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It’s stronger than bone and made from calcium and phosphate. Fluoride comes from fluroine, which is a common, natural, and abundant element. Fluoride protects teeth from decay … Like so many superheroes, it’s created through a scientific process. There’s an epic battle between good and evil raging in your mouth right now, and there’s only one superhero who can save your teeth from cavities. They can even reverse early tooth decay. Copyright Be aware that not all bottled waters, for example, contain fluoride. When these fluoride compounds are in your mouth, they can actually make your teeth stronger and prevent cavities. It’s much stronger, more resistant to decay and fights to protect your teeth. Want to learn more? These defects are known as fluorosis and occur when the teeth are forming -- usually in children younger than 6 years. Fluorosis, when it occurs, is usually associated with naturally occurring fluoride, such as that found in well water. The amount of fluoride you receive in your drinking water depends on the type of home water treatment system used. Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads to tooth decay. When your saliva has fluoride in it from sources like toothpaste or water, your teeth are able to take it in. Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults. An ion is a positively- or negatively-charged atom that helps elements combine with one another. However, saliva disrupts the attack as it coats your teeth and adds back calcium and phosphate to  replace what had been stripped away. Fluorosis is mottling, discoloration, and sometimes pitting of the tooth enamel caused by excessive fluoride. It’s found naturally in rocks, soil and water, but fluoride doesn’t exist on its own. Does a Home Water Treatment System Affect the Level of Fluoride in My Drinking Water? 15 Tooth Problems: Cavities, Stained Teeth, Hyperdontia and More. What Should You Know About Your Child’s Oral Health? So how does fluoride fight cavities? This produces acids that attack your enamel. It is also found in some mouth rinses, and your dentist can apply it to your teeth in the dental office. To find out how much fluoride is in your tap water, ask your local dentist, contact your local or state health department, or contact your local water supplier. (Find out if your water supply contains fluoride.) Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth's enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. The ADA adds that most bottled waters do not contain optimal levels of fluoride, which is 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million (this is the amount that is in public water supplies, in the communities that have fluoridated water). Fluorosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments. In addition, people with certain conditions may be at increased risk of tooth decay and would therefore benefit from additional fluoride treatment. Information for contacting your local water supplier should be on your water bill or see the "local government" section of your phone book. Once in your enamel, fluoride teams up with calcium and phosphate there to create the most powerful defense system your teeth can have to prevent cavities from forming: fluoroapatite. Reverse osmosis systems remove between 65% and 95% of the fluoride. Find out if your water supply contains fluoride. It causes calcium and phosphate to be stripped from the tooth enamel, leaving you more vulnerable to decay and cavities. On the other hand, water softeners and charcoal/carbon filters generally do not remove fluoride. This is the timeframe during which the primary and permanent teeth come in.