The first breed association was formed in 1888 in the United States[10] Currently, there are two associations: American Border Leicester Association and the North American Border Leicester Association. Over many years the Border Leicester has proved itself to be the number one maternal breed in Australia. ", "Description of the Border Leicester Sheep Breed", The Society for Border Leicester Sheep Breeders,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 August 2020, at 21:55. The Border Leicester / Merino crosses still produce good quantities of wool, which despite being stronger micron than most Merino fleece wool, still has an important market niche and demand. [8], Border Leicester sheep also contribute about 50 percent of the genetics used in the Gromark breed of sheep that were developed in Australia.[9]. Free from wool and well covered with white soft hair, occasionally a black spot will appear, brown spots undesirable. [4], Border Leicesters are all white with a distinct long body, well-developed chest, well-sprung ribs and a wide, strong back. The first cross (both ewe and wether portion) also have a  superior skin  with the elimination of wrinkles and ribbing; these being huge devaluation factors in the skin trade. They have been exported to other sheep-producing regions, … The sheep are large but docile. Poll Dorset or Southdown) to produce prime lambs, which grow rapidly to market weights and have the ideal carcase shape. Run by George & Cherie Pagan, Cooinda was founded in 2016 wi... th 160 ewes and ewe lambs from Johnos Border Leicester’s. Sheep breed compendium, Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX), 2010, North American International Livestock Exposition, "American Border Leicester Association » What is a Border Leicester? Broad, deep, well formed, brisket carried well forward. The Border Leicester is a British breed of sheep. Medium length, tapering nicely from the head and strongly set in at shoulders. Sheep of this breed should also have a distinct Roman nose much like the North Country Cheviot. Full and prominent, but mild and placid, with a quiet gentle expression. Feet should also be dark in colour. George and Mathew Culley bought some of Robert Bakewell's Dishley Leicesters and the breed was soon found on both sides of the border through sales held by the Culley brothers. [2] The sheep are large but docile. [3] Their white wool tends to be very long and by Merino standards, broad crimped, and in fineness about 32 to 38 microns, and is used for medium- to heavy-weight garments. First cross Border Merino ewes are sought after by leading lamb producers across the country because of their ability to produce large numbers of quality lambs, over a wide range of climatic conditions. The live weight of a mature Border Leicester ram is in the range of 140–175 kg (309–386 lb) and a mature ewe 90–120 kg (200–260 lb). Well sprung, deep body well let down forming good underline. The Dishley Leicester became very popular with local farmers. The Border Leicester also has a longer loin and leaner meat than many sheep of its size. Border Leicester sheep have been exported to British Guiana, Canada, China, Colombia, South Africa, France, Spain, Portugal, United States, India, Japan, Yugoslavia, Iran, Hungary, Russia, Turkey and Switzerland. This wool, though, is prized by spinners because of the crimp and lustre. This superior skin value is also extremely important when passed onto the ‘second cross’ lambs in the prime lamb industry; an economic advantage often overlooked by producers. They have been exported to other sheep-producing regions, … They have excellent maternal characteristics meaning that they make good mothers while producing quality lambs. It is a polled, long- wool sheep and is considered a dual-purpose breed as it is reared both for meat and for wool. The Culley brothers were crossing their sheep with Teeswater sheep while other farmers in different areas along the border were crossing with Cheviots. The clean points of this cross give a clear husbandry and management advantage. The success of any flock is through the strength of its females! The wether portion of the first cross grow quickly in ideal conditions and produce good large lean lamb. The Border Leicester is a British breed of sheep. Besides the huge production advantages that can be made through hybrid vigour, the crossing of Border Leicester rams over the readily available Merino ewes, produces a ewe that has superior maternal and meat producing traits. More compact and solid in build, the Border Leicester has a stronger meat production air about it. Line of bottom law to correspond in arch shape with Roman nose. The whole body including brisket, belly, purse and neck should be well covered, in the case of rams the fleece to be slightly stronger. Lambing is concentrated in autumn–early winter and crossbreeding is a feature of the system. © 2013 Australian Border Leicester Association                                    Design by  JaM Marketing & Design Ph: 0417 086 828                                                All rights reserved.