rests his hand pensively on a bust of Homer, the epic poet who had attained literary immortality with his Iliad and Odyssey centuries before.  According to Held, Aristotle is known for his long hair and beard, fancy jewelry and extravagant dresses, which can be seen in other paintings that featured him between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.  He also said that the two objects represents his contrasting values: the bust being his persisting values while the chain is his ever changing values, Carroll suggested that Aristotle is focusing on the ideas relating to the objects instead of the objects themselves. There has been confusion over the identify of the man in the painting because Don Antonio Ruffo did not specifically request a subject for his commission. , Beranek mentions that the gold chain is a token of great honor, since receiving gold is an old practice that recognizes someone's greatest achievement. Based on a suggestion made by the Dutch art historian Abraham Bredius in the 1930s, Held argued persuasively for the identification of the subject as Aristotle contemplating a bust of the blind ancient Greek poet Homer (who lived some 400 years prior to Aristotle and who is credited as the author of the of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey).  Guercino decided that a cosmographer was the perfect match, since Rembrandt represented the study of mankind while the cosmographer represents the study of the heavens. Rembrandt, Self-Portrait with Two Circles, Willem Kalf, Still Life with a Silver Ewer, Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Pitcher, Johannes Vermeer, Woman Holding a Balance, Practice: Vermeer, Woman Holding a Balance, Johannes Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, Ruisdael, View of Haarlem with Bleaching Grounds. Rembrandt, Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses.  Don Antonio planned to commission companion pieces for Rembrandt's painting from the Italian painter Guercino. During the renovation of the Rembrandt wing of the Metropolitan Museum, the painting was re-titled in November 2013 Aristotle with a Bust of Homer. Aristotle contemplating the homer of Buster; Allow me to introduce myselves; An impromptu meeting of recluses anonymous; Between Inheritances; Boston, oh Boston, home of the keen and the bawd (Edition Completed) A Cacophany of Cape Cod Colorature (Edition Completed) Chung in Teak; Contemplating his Navy; Delusions of adequacy; Donnez-moi un break Donate or volunteer today!  Rembrandt later created Homer Dictating his Verses and a lost painting of Alexander the Great for Ruffo, both ten years after completing Aristotle with a Bust of Homer. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Aristotle also talks of the “pleasure” that is proper to tragedy, apparently meaning the aesthetic pleasure one gets from contemplating the pity and fear that are aroused through an intricately constructed work of art (context).  For Rembrandt's bust, it represents his "attribute for learning", or his educated past. The sightless eyes of Homer's bust, on which Aristotle rests his hand, are innocent and profound; Homer's face is humble and weak, and he wears … Aristotle Contemplating a Bust of Homer was painted in 1653, as a commission from a Sicilian nobleman named Don Antonio Ruffo, who did not request any particular subject. It was created as a commission for Don Antonio Ruffo's collection. , The painting forms the central theme of Joseph Heller's 1988 novel Picture This. , In Theodore Roussin, there is meaning to how Rembrandt draws Aristotle's eyes.  The author notes that Aristotle's right hand (traditionally the favored hand), which rests on the bust of Homer, is both higher and painted in lighter shades than the left hand on the gold chain given to him by Alexander.  Beranek believed that the appeal of the painting is how it engages the viewers. , There are stacked books in the background painted in a realistic manner, which gives them importance to the scene. Saenredam, Interior of Saint Bavo, Haarlem, Rembrandt, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, Rembrandt, Aristotle with a Bust of Homer.  Also, he painted a black apron since the color black represents melancholy. Aristotle is known to be a commentator of Homer and Alexander the Great, which led Held to believe that it must be Aristotle in the painting, According to Charles Mee, the main theme of Rembrandt's paintings is the idea of contemplation. According to Charles Mee, perhaps Don Antonio did not think it was good enough.  During the 1650s, people were in a state of existentialism after science made new discoveries about the universe, so Rembrandt's theme of contemplation was a relatable subject. Myth: Buster Keaton was illiterate. The interpretation of methodical science deferring to art is discussed at length in Rembrandt's Aristotle and Other Rembrandt Studies. The front page of that day’s New York Times bore a large photo of crowds at the Met viewing Rembrandt’s famous painting “Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer… For example, his St. Paul in Prison shows St. Paul pondering what he will write in his book, not solely on the book itself.  These art choices are supposed to imply the different moods he felt while he was painting this piece. Buster’s handwriting was clearly the work of someone who has been taught penmanship in a day when penmanship was a basic part of education.  All of these elements helped create a feeling of deep contemplation, which is what the viewers could find relatable. The mysterious tone in the painting has led several scholars to different interpretations of Rembrandt's theme.  When Hume died, his descendants sold it to Rodolphe Kann in Paris. It was created as a commission for Don Antonio Ruffo's collection.  Aristole's hand has a warm color when it touches the bust of Homer, which implies a special bond Aristotle feels with Homer.  Kann had a huge collection of notable valuables, but after his death, Rembrandt's painting was sent to other American collectors..  The people in his paintings stare as if they are lost in thought, which makes this his most commonly used theme.  Held also connects Aristotle with the bust of Homer and Alexander's chain.  It has been thought to be Albertus Magnus, Tasso, Ariosto, Virgil and seventeenth-century Dutch poet Pieter Cornelisz Hooft.  However, Guercino's piece disappeared for no apparent reason.